Bible – OT – Leviticus

Learning to Love Leviticus

January 1 is the start date for a New Year’s resolution. December is the month to start making plans for those resolutions. Perhaps the most common resolution Christians make is to read through the Bible in a year. But that resolution runs into a big challenge near the outset: Leviticus. Either the reader breaks his […]

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Praxemics

Chapter 5 of Naphtali Meshel’s The “Grammar” of Sacrifice focuses on “praxemics,” the physical actions of sacrificial ritual. Praxemes are constituted by six elements: an “atomact,” an elementary physical act or gesture; an actor; an object that is acted up; a target for the action and often for the object or material that is acted […]

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Jugation and Hierarchy

Two chapters of Naphtali Meshel’s The “Grammar” of Sacrifice cover what he calls “jugation” and “hierarchies.” The first involves the addition of other materials to an animal offering. Jugates include wine, cereal, and oil that are added to the animals (zoemes) that are offered in sacrifice. Some jugates are coordinated with the main sacrifice, whiles […]

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Zoemics

Naphtali Meshel observes in his new The “Grammar” of Sacrifice that scholars have been talking for decades about the “grammatical” character of ritual and sacrifice in general, but have never actually analyzed a specific ritual or sacrificial system grammatically. Some even talk about a “universal grammar” of sacrifice “even though not one complete grammar of a specific […]

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Holiness, Ethics, Ritual

Leigh M. Trevaskis’s 2011 monograph, Holiness, Ethics and Ritual in Leviticus, is an outstanding contribution to the study of Leviticus. His main thesis is directed at the world of Old Testament scholarship, in which there is a consensus that the ritual laws of Leviticus 1-16 come from a school and time period different from Leviticus 17-27. […]

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